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Specific Learning Difficulties

A Specific Learning Difficulty (SLD) is a neuro-developmental disorder with a biological origin that is the basis for abnormalities at a cognitive level that are associated with the behavioral signs of the disorder. Learners with learning disabilities usually present persistent difficulties learning key stone academic skills including reading of single words accurately and fluently, reading comprehension, written expression and spelling, arithmetic calculation, and mathematical reasoning. They demonstrate a significant discrepancy between their levels of expected achievement and actual performance. Examples of specific learning difficulties include the following:

  • Dyslexia: disorder of reading, writing and spelling
  • Dyscalculia: marked difficulty in making arithmetical calculation or computation, remembering mathematical facts and concert of time
  • Dysgraphia: inability to write coherently, problems with accurate spelling and organizing ideas, illegible handwriting

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